Jewish Refugees

Tuesday, 10 January 2017 07:50

We need your help in locating Jewish refugees who came to San Francisco in the late 1930s and 1940 and their descendants.  As restrictions tightened against Jewish people under Nazi rule in Germany, Austria, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, several hundred Jews applied for entrance to the United States.  They had the good fortune to have relatives and sponsors in the U.S.  After traveling across Russia to China and Japan, they boarded  ships for San Francisco. Dozens of families and individuals ended up at the Angel Island Immigration Station, underwent medical inspection and were detained for weeks because they did not have sufficient funds to reach their eventual destinations.

Erika Lee and Judy Yung recounted the perilous journeys of Alice Edelstein, Alfred and Klara Marill, Hans Singer and Isaak Adler in Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America. Recently, AIISF interviewed Eva Schott Berek, Lotte Loebl Frank, and Harry Gluckman, whose stories are posted at www.aiisf.org/immigrant-voices.  

The database you see below was compiled by volunteers who reviewed files at the National Archives in San Bruno, California.  Please contact AIISF by writing to info@aiisf.org or call 415-348-9200 if you recognize any of the individuals listed below. We would like to interview the descendants in order to get the full story on these brave and fortunate people who fled the Nazi regime. Most of these refugees lost their entire families in the Holocaust.  Their stories remind us of that genocide must never be allowed to happen again to any group of people. This database also contains names and short profiles of Jewish refugees who came to Angel Island prior to 1939.  After 1915, large numbers of Jews from Russia, Poland, and Lithuania.  Many of them were men who had left their homelands to avoid military conscription.  Families also fled because of anti-Jewish violence.  Many families were able to enter the United States with the help of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.

 

photos: Eva Schott Berek’s passport; Lotte Loeble Frank’s parents;  Harry Gluckman’s father

# File NumberNameSexPlace of BirthDate of BirthDate of ArrivalName of ShipDays in DetentionNotes
 14776/21-12Ratner, GeneshaFRussia189010/27/1915Mongolia1 dayHousewife; Literate; Passage paid by husband; Relative (A. and T. Ratner) in NY; Accompanied by husband (Selik) and daughter (Sima); Admitted
 16735/05-1Rausa, JosephMRussia187612/5/1917Willis1 monthStowaway turned over to US Marshal 1/2/18
 16451/04-8Reiss, ZiskaMRussia19108/18/1917Rembrandt3 weeksStudent; Unaccom minor traveling with Mr. Cherckes to be with father (Leitzi Reiss) in New York; Case deferred until relatives contacted; Affadavit from relations: Barnet Cheiches, uncle; Esther Brodsky, aunt; Nathan Ries, father. Admitted 9/11/17
 40085/11-14, 15, & 16Rohr, FanniFAustria46 yrs6/16/1940Asama Maru3 daysThe Rohr family was detained because they did not have additional ticket for their final destination of New York. They only had $40 on hand but they also had an affidavit from Fanni's brother, Max Popper in New York stating that he earns $100 per week and agrees to support the Rohr family financially so they will not be a public charge. Mr. Popper also stated that they have empty rooms in their house for the Rohr family when they are admitted. It is also noted that they were given $201 from Fanni's sister, Elsa Weiner upon their arrival in San Francisco detention stating that the money is for them to use on whatever they needed which would be adequate for travel to New York.
 40085/11-14, 15, & 16Rohr, GertrudeFAustria12 yrs6/16/1940Asama Maru3 daysThe Rohr family was detained because they did not have additional ticket for their final destination of New York. They only had $40 on hand but they also had an affidavit from Fanni's brother, Max Popper in New York stating that he earns $100 per week and agrees to support the Rohr family financially so they will not be a public charge. Mr. Popper also stated that they have empty rooms in their house for the Rohr family when they are admitted. It is also noted that they were given $201 from Fanni's sister, Elsa Weiner upon their arrival in San Francisco detention stating that the money is for them to use on whatever they needed which would be adequate for travel to New York.
 40085/11-14, 15, & 16Rohr, MaxMAustria46 yrs6/16/1940Asama Maru3 daysThe Rohr family was detained because they did not have additional ticket for their final destination of New York. They only had $40 on hand but they also had an affidavit from Fanni's brother, Max Popper in New York stating that he earns $100 per week and agrees to support the Rohr family financially so they will not be a public charge. Mr. Popper also stated that they have empty rooms in their house for the Rohr family when they are admitted. It is also noted that they were given $201 from Fanni's sister, Elsa Weiner upon their arrival in San Francisco detention stating that the money is for them to use on whatever they needed which would be adequate for travel to New York.
 16735/05-1Rose, JosephMRussia187612/5/1917Willis6 weeksMachinist; Resided in US for some years; Russian Consul in Pittsburgh paid "free fare" to him and other young men to return to Russia but upon arrival in Yokohama were informed they were to join the Russain military, and all refused to enter Russia. Rose returned to Honolulu as a stowaway and was detained but later allowed to enter into the mainland; Literate; Has $75-80; Interned under Presidential Warrant and held by US Marshalls, 01/02/1918
 14390/23-02Rosenblum, Haim ZalmanMRussia18886/1/1915Mongolia6 weeksSalesman; Literate; Russian passport; $62.50 and paid own passage; Entered via Kobe; have sister (Rohlya Lipkim)and relatives in NY; going to Karasik in SF; "On account of war there is no work in Russia." No demand for "mechanical work." Excluded for LPC--limited money to reach NY, no jobs now and not fit for manual labor, no witness; attorney Lucius Solomons appeals; admitted after sister files affidavit of support.
 40253/05-21Rubin, JakobMPoland57 yrs8/28/1940Rakuyo Maru6 days
 14255/28-03Sabsai, IsaacaMRussia18934/5/1915Korea1 dayCame via Kobe; Literate; Has $42 and paid own passage; Wants to work and go to school to be an electrician; Brachman of HIAS willing to accept responsibility for applicant; Admitted
 14622/18-03Safran, SamuelMRussia18878/30/1915Persia10 daysFrom Odessa to Harbin; Machinist; Has $30; Changed name; Served 4 yrs in regular army and 3 yrs in reserves; Got fake passport and worked in Harbin for a month; Left Harbin to get away from police; Excluded as LPC; Traube offers $75 for transp to Buffalo; Case reopened
 40152/15-5 & 6Salomon, GerdMGermany5 yrs7/13/1940Tatuta Maru0 dayEdith Salomon and her 5 year old son Gerd Salomon were detained because she only had $46 and no transportation ticket for her final destination of Chicago to meet up with her father and mother. Her husband was currently detained in prison in Germany. She met Ms. Margot Simon who works at the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society who then gave her $50 for her to use which would be sufficient to get her to her destination. In the interview, Edith mentioned that her father, Joseph Juda in Chicago earned enough money to take care of her so she will not be a public charge.
 40152/15-5 & 6Salomon, nee Juda, EdithFGermany28 yrs7/13/1940Tatuta MaruEdith Salomon and her 5 year old son Gerd Salomon were detained because she only had $46 and no transportation ticket for her final destination of Chicago to meet up with her father and mother. Her husband was currently detained in prison in Germany. She met Ms. Margot Simon who works at the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society who then gave her $50 for her to use which would be sufficient to get her to her destination. In the interview, Edith mentioned that her father, Joseph Juda in Chicago earned enough money to take care of her so she will not be a public charge.
 36611/19-2Sapiro, Boris MovshovichMLithuania63 yrs8/26/1936Hoover1 dayBank Director; Literate; Visa from Harbin; Has $500 and paid own passage; Coming to join wife (Rosa Sapiro) in SF for permanent residence; Witness called: daughter Mrs. Eugenia Timen (naturalized citizen); 2 son-in-laws called as witnesse: Sam Timen and Michael Radom; Excluded for senility; Admitted 08/26/1936
 40085/11-17Sax, SigfriedMAustria31 yrs6/16/1940Asama Maru1 monthSax was detained because he did not have additional ticket to his final destination of Detroit to a distant cousin, Charles Brown and upon interviewing him they discovered that he intended on staying in CA. Additional letter from Charles Brown suggest that Sax had been on relief while in Shanghai suggesting that he may become a public charge in the future since he only had $1.75. The case was closed and Sax was set for being deported in July 1940 but a letter from Charles Brown arrived stating that he was willing to post a public charge bond of $500 so Sax was temporarily released. After a year, Sax was able to prove that he had steady income of $15 a week and their bond was able to be cancelled in August 1942.
 14708/17-03Schneeveis, LebeMRussia18869/30/1915China6 weeksAka Leonty Beloff to evade military authorities; Carpenter; No money or relatives; 7 mos in Russian army; Escaped via Siberia, Manchuria, Darian, and Yokohama; Passport costs 50 rubles; Excluded as LPC; Traube advises him to appeal and finds witness Louis Brown to offer job; HIAS appeal by Wolff; Admitted under bond 11/17/15. Immigration, Traube, and two bondsmen cannot locate Schneeveis 5/12/16; HIAS settles by paying $500 bond.
 16636/31-16Schneider, ZlotaFRussia189410/31/1917Korea Maru3 monthsExcluded as LPC and illiterate; Dressmaker; From Trepnick, Badolski to Harbin to Yokohama; Ran out of money; Housing and passage paid by HIAS in Yokohama; Uncle in Philadelphia sent for her; HIAS appeals 11/20/17; Case reopened 12/6/17; She lied about her marital status because she would have hard time getting passport without mnarriage license; Admitted under bond 2/4/18 for duration of war; Bond cancelled and landed when marriage confirmed 2/19/20.
 16921/01-1Selifonoff, YefinMRussia18832/11/1918Star England2 daysStowaway, admitted 2/13/18
 31914/03-01Shechmeister, IsaacMRussia19138/17/1932Chichibu Maru1 dayBorn in Latvia, lived in Tiensin; Has $220; Attended UC Berkeley 1930-32, returning from visiting parents, to study medicine at UC; Father in fur business; Relatives in Chicago and NY; Defective vision, class B; Admitted as student under $500 bond 8/18/32; Becomes permanent resident 7/13/38.
 14390/23-14Sheiman, WoolfMRussia18986/1/1915Mongolia1 monthPhotographer; Literate; Came via Kobe; Has $25 and paid own passage; Cousin (Natam Shapiro) in Washington DC and knows some people in SF; Left because there was fighting near his town; Excluded as LPC; Appeal by Solomons; Admitted 7/1/15 after money arrives.