Jewish Refugees

Tuesday, 10 January 2017 07:50

We need your help in locating Jewish refugees who came to San Francisco in the late 1930s and 1940 and their descendants.  As restrictions tightened against Jewish people under Nazi rule in Germany, Austria, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, several hundred Jews applied for entrance to the United States.  They had the good fortune to have relatives and sponsors in the U.S.  After traveling across Russia to China and Japan, they boarded  ships for San Francisco. Dozens of families and individuals ended up at the Angel Island Immigration Station, underwent medical inspection and were detained for weeks because they did not have sufficient funds to reach their eventual destinations.

Erika Lee and Judy Yung recounted the perilous journeys of Alice Edelstein, Alfred and Klara Marill, Hans Singer and Isaak Adler in Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America. Recently, AIISF interviewed Eva Schott Berek, Lotte Loebl Frank, and Harry Gluckman, whose stories are posted at www.aiisf.org/immigrant-voices.  

The database you see below was compiled by volunteers who reviewed files at the National Archives in San Bruno, California.  Please contact AIISF by writing to info@aiisf.org or call 415-348-9200 if you recognize any of the individuals listed below. We would like to interview the descendants in order to get the full story on these brave and fortunate people who fled the Nazi regime. Most of these refugees lost their entire families in the Holocaust.  Their stories remind us of that genocide must never be allowed to happen again to any group of people. This database also contains names and short profiles of Jewish refugees who came to Angel Island prior to 1939.  After 1915, large numbers of Jews from Russia, Poland, and Lithuania.  Many of them were men who had left their homelands to avoid military conscription.  Families also fled because of anti-Jewish violence.  Many families were able to enter the United States with the help of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.

 

photos: Eva Schott Berek’s passport; Lotte Loeble Frank’s parents;  Harry Gluckman’s father

# File NumberNameSexPlace of BirthDate of BirthDate of ArrivalName of ShipDays in DetentionNotes
 16363/32-2Maber, HaimMRussia18897/19/1917Shinyo Maru1 monthTailor; Literate; Paid own passage; Both legs amputated a year ago when on Austrian front and shell buried and crushed his legs; In transit to Buenas Aires;Excluded as LPC and deported 08/22/1917.
 14517/18-10Maley, SigmondMRussia18957/20/1915Manchuria1 monthCame via Shanghai;Bookkeeper and student; Sister in Harbin, father in Austria; Taken prisoner by Russia and escaped to Shanghai; Has $36; Excluded as LPC: HIAS appeals and posts bond; Working at appliance store; Bond cancelled 2/1917
 14390/23-06Manlin, AbramMRussia18966/1/1915Mongolia17 daysTailor; Literate; Came via Kobe to avoid conscription; Has $28 and paid own passage; Uncle (Zanman Litvinoff) and brother (Isaac) in NYC; Excluded as LPC ; Appeal by Lucius L. Solomons; Outcome unclear
 14202/15-01Manushkin, VaciliMRussia18863/16/1915Mongolia15 daysPainter and correspondent; Literate; Has $25; Going to brother (Boris Schwartz) in SF; Excluded as LPC; HIAS guarantees job (represented by Frank H. Ainsworth); Also in US to visit mother and sister in NY; 3 witnesses offer job: J. Waxman, T.W. Copnik, and Max B. Weiss; Admitted 03/31/1915
 40253/02-1Marill, Alfred IsraelMPoland18868/28/1940Rakuyo Maru3 daysGerman Citizen; Lawyer; Literate; Has $23 and paid own passage; Accom by wife, Klara Elizabeth Sara Marill; Joining brother Victor Marill in NYC for permanent residence; German passport with quota immig visa; Coming to join daughters and lecture on musical science; Excluded as LPC because of defective speech and carciuoma; Affadavit of support from Max Rothernberg (cousin), Blanche Rothernbern (cousin), and Louis Klein (cousin); Admitted 08/31/1940. NOTE: HIAS secured transportation for them to NYC.
 40253/2-2Marill, Klara Elizabeth SaraFPoland18908/28/1940Rakuyo Maru3 daysGerman citizen; Housewife; Literate; German passport with quota immig visa; Destined to brother in law (Victor Marill) in NYC for permanent residence; Husband paid passage; Affadavit of support from Max Rothernberg (cousin), Blanche Rothernbern (cousin), and Louis Klein (cousin); Admitted 08/31/1940.
 15153/39-8Markovich, MorduhMRussia18924/10/1916Shinyo Maru1 monthWanted to avoid conscription; HIAS appeal; Admitted 5/1/5/16
 15354/23-01Mazarikavitch, WilhelmMRussia19066/26/1916Shinyo Maru1 dayPolish; Uncle (Joseph Mazarikanachi) in Brooklyn; Passage paid by mother; Accompanied by mother (Josephine), sisters (Anna and Helen), brother (Stephen); Admitted; 04/19/1943; Later applies for job as patrolman.
 14650/02-32Miller (Melarsky), DavisMRussia18759/9/1915MoanaunknownA naturalized US citizen; Newspaper Clipping - (09/11/1915) charges him with smuggling pearls into the country; Original name: Melarsky.
 15307/05-28Mirsky, JosefMRussia18926/11/1916Panama Maru1 monthShoemaker; Literate; Has $2.75 and paid own passage; Came via Yokohama; Friend (Abram Birkenbrit) in SF; Wanted to avoid conscriptio; Excluded as LPC; Appeal by HIAS; Admitted 07/17/1916
 17072/19-2Mordin, IsraelMRussia19024/7/1918Korea Maru2 daysDeaf
 40293/05-1Muller, ArthurMPoland18819/14/1940Washington2 daysGerman citizen; Grain Merchant; Literate; Came via Havana, Cuba; Has $215 and paid own passage; Destined to sister (Mrs. Heinrich Gumpel) in SF for permanent residence; German passport with quota immig visa from Havana; Coming to US to open business and states driven out because he was a Jew; Sister and brother-in-law (Herman Gumpel) serve as witnesses; Excluded because of double hernia and deformed leg; Admitted 09/16/1940.
 14255/28-08Papkoff, MichaelMRussia18864/5/1915Korea1 dayInk manufacturer; Literate; Lived in Harbin and came via Kobe; Ha $41 and paid own passage; Relatives in country; Brachman and Hoyle of HIAS assumes responsibility for applicant; Admitted
 14782/05-22Paravky (Perry), IlesMRussia189410/30/1915Panama Maru1 monthSalesman; Literate; Came via Yokohama; Has $3 and paid own passage; Wanted to avoid conscription; Excluded as LPC; Appeal by Harry K. Wolff of HIAS; Admitted temporarily for 6 months.
 14622/18-06Perel, NachmanMRussia18908/30/1915Persia10 daysCame via Schiftofka to Harbin; Salesman; Has $50; Cousin in Boston; Evaded military service; Did manual labor while in army for 1 1/2 mos; Excluded as LPC; Traube provides 2 money orders to pay for transp to Boston; Case reopened.
 14517/18-08Pistchik, AbrahamMRussia18957/20/1915Manchuria1 weekCigarette maker; Came via Shanghai to avoid military service; Has $50; Going to bro-in-law; Adopted "Luaner" to not be identified as Russian; Admitted with help of Aschheim of B'nai B'rith Assn.
 14835/04-14Polikowski, MordochMRussia189411/27/1915Seattle Maru2 monthsStudent; Has $52.50 and paid own passage; Came via Kobe to avoid conscription; Studied in Belgium before; Excluded as LPC: Appeal byHarry K. Wolff, HIAS; Admitted 01/07/1916
 14390/23-09Potashnik, GershMRussia18916/1/1915Mongolia2 weeksElectrician, Literate; Has $31 and paid own passage; Relatives in NYC; Excluded as LPC; Appeal by Lucius Solomons; Two brothers in NY post bond and wire $100 transportation money to I. J. Aschheim, Secretary of the Independent Order B'nai B;rith and HIAS; Admitted 06/15/1915
 33553/02-01Prizant, FrimaFRussia187212/26/1933President McKinley1 dayPeddler; Literate; Came via Havana, Cuba; Has $25 and paid own passage; Came to join son (Israel Cuttler) permanently in SF; Affadavit in lieu of passport from American Consul in Havana Cuba; Excluded as LPC because of senility; Witness is son, Israel Cuttler; Applicant was initially in US in 1910 where her son Israel was born, returned to Russia where she owned a bakery and subsequently traveled to Havana in 1927; Admitted 12/26/1933.
 12606/11-02Raskin, YudaMRussia18813/31/1913Manchuria1 monthButcher; Has $11; 12 yrs. In Siberia, 4 yrs in jail; Came via Kobe to SF; brother and cousins in NY; Excluded as LPC and for moral turpitude (fighting with Russian officer in Army); Appeals and admitted 4/26.