Jewish Refugees

Tuesday, 10 January 2017 07:50

We need your help in locating Jewish refugees who came to San Francisco in the late 1930s and 1940 and their descendants.  As restrictions tightened against Jewish people under Nazi rule in Germany, Austria, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, several hundred Jews applied for entrance to the United States.  They had the good fortune to have relatives and sponsors in the U.S.  After traveling across Russia to China and Japan, they boarded  ships for San Francisco. Dozens of families and individuals ended up at the Angel Island Immigration Station, underwent medical inspection and were detained for weeks because they did not have sufficient funds to reach their eventual destinations.

Erika Lee and Judy Yung recounted the perilous journeys of Alice Edelstein, Alfred and Klara Marill, Hans Singer and Isaak Adler in Angel Island: Immigrant Gateway to America. Recently, AIISF interviewed Eva Schott Berek, Lotte Loebl Frank, and Harry Gluckman, whose stories are posted at www.aiisf.org/immigrant-voices.  

The database you see below was compiled by volunteers who reviewed files at the National Archives in San Bruno, California.  Please contact AIISF by writing to info@aiisf.org or call 415-348-9200 if you recognize any of the individuals listed below. We would like to interview the descendants in order to get the full story on these brave and fortunate people who fled the Nazi regime. Most of these refugees lost their entire families in the Holocaust.  Their stories remind us of that genocide must never be allowed to happen again to any group of people. This database also contains names and short profiles of Jewish refugees who came to Angel Island prior to 1939.  After 1915, large numbers of Jews from Russia, Poland, and Lithuania.  Many of them were men who had left their homelands to avoid military conscription.  Families also fled because of anti-Jewish violence.  Many families were able to enter the United States with the help of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.

 

photos: Eva Schott Berek’s passport; Lotte Loeble Frank’s parents;  Harry Gluckman’s father

# File NumberNameSexPlace of BirthDate of BirthDate of ArrivalName of ShipDays in DetentionNotes
 399761/12-1Adler, IsaakMPoland18904/26/1940Asama Maru1 dayMerchant; Literate; Enter via Shanghai, China; Quota immig visa; Traveling with wife (Mathilde); $22 and paid own passage; Will join daughter (Stephanie Adler) in NY for permanent residence; Affidavit of support from George Dewey Pause (cousin) of NY; Admitted 04/27/1940; NOTE: Inspector notes in summary - "They have the usual history of Hebrew immigrants of having been deprived of their property and sent to concentration camp in Austria, after which they were permitted to go to Shanghai, China."
 39976/12-2Adler, MathildeFPoland19004/26/1940Asama Maru1 dayUnknown
 38680/02-1Agranovich, Girsh LeibovichMRussia5811/14/1938Asama Maru15 daysLived in Harbin; Wife and son in NYC; Sister in LA; Excluded for Paralysis Agitans, Class B; Has $275; Admitted on $500 bond 11/29/38; Bond removed 6/8/45; Family friend Alcone testifies; Merchant in fur business; Witness from bro in law's company in NY; Clarifies applicant is joining family and not coming to work.
 14662/29-04Alanovich, JasifMRussiaUnknown9/13/1915Siberia19 daysImmigrating to avoid conscription.
 29883/13-01Alberovich, VladimirMChina21 years old at date of arrival12/11/1930ASAMA MARU5 daysFurrier; Literate; Came via Harbin, China; Has $100 and paid own passage; Coming to join aunt (Mrs. A. Ainbinder) in SF for permanent residence; Visa from American Consul in Harbin, China; Came to US to work; Witness called - cousin, Mrs. Sema Ulanovsky; Excluded for defective vision; Admitted 12/16/1930 because vision corrected by glasses.
 17148/27-21Allik, JohannMRussia18805/6/1918Tenyo Maru3 daysIron molder returning from visit to see sick mother in Russia; Wife and son in Seattle; Gone one year; Worked in munitions factory; No transportation and wanted in army; Interrogated for political beliefs (passport coded)--anti-Bolshevik and not IWW member; Landed.
 16588/12-1Arenburg, FrederickMRussia188010/11/1917ECUADOR4 dayMarine Fireman; Literate; Lived in SF before; Has only $5; Went to Yokohama to enter Russia but the border was closed, so stowed away on "Vondel" en route to Honolulu; Admitted 10/15/1917.
 14390/23-04Arliewsky, HaimMRussia18896/1/1915Mongolia17 daysTailor; Literate; Came via Kobe; Has $40 and paid own passage; Sister (Jackna Bogorad) in Baltimore; Excluded as LPC; Appeal by Lucius L. Solomon; $100 entrusted to applicant and family by I. J. Ascheim; Sam Bograd posts $500 bond; Affidavit from M. Veen, a tailor willing to sponsor and support applicant; Outcome unclear
 15153/39-1Babrovsky, MeyerMRussia18944/10/1916Shinyo Maru18 daysBlacksmith; Has $18; evaded military; Cousin and friend in Chicago but William Traube cannot find; Excluded as LPC; HIAS appeals; admitted 5/23/16
 40228/02-1Baitz, AlexanderMRussia19098/17/1940Monterey1 dayAustralian citizen; Manufacturer; Literate; Passage paid by The Bandex Co.; Has Australian passport; Destined to Otto Munk (friend) in NYC for business for 4 months; Admitted 08/17/1940 for 4 months; NOTE: Filed for visa extensions; Otto Munk letter -- applicant working on patent licensing and need to extend stay; 02/25/1945 - admitted as permanent resident.
 16778/25-3Bayefsky, FeigaFRussia190112/19/1917Shinyo Maru7 daysStudent; Literate; Minor traveling with sister (Rachel) and brother (Boris) to meet uncle (Aaron Bayekfsky) in New York; Admitted 12/26/1917
 16842/25-18Beaudoin, YonkelMRussia19151/14/1918Korea Maru2 days3 yr old boy accom by grandmother; Going to parents in St. Louis; Boy was sick when mother left for US 2 yrs ago; Affidavit by father (engineer, owns home); Admitted
 14708/17-03Beloff, LeontyMRussia18869/30/1915ChinaExcluded as LPC (too many carpenters)
 14390/23-16Berlin, GersihnMRussia18866/1/1915Mongolia5 daysFur cutter; Has $85; Brother-in-law is US citizen; Worked in NY before; Speaks Eng; Did not want to go into the Russian army; Admitted
 39666/16-1Binkin, Zallman AbrahamMLatvia191211/10/1939President Cleveland3 daysSeaman; Stowaway; Relatives in Chicago; Deported 11/13/1939 as LPC and Stowaway
 40085/11-1Blum, BerthaFRussia18956/18/1940Asama Maruwas 44 years old when she arrived at Angel Island on June 16, 1940. Born in Odessa, Russia and can read German, Russian, and English. Her sister paid for passage from Russia to the US. In the US, she planned to join her sister Mrs. Rosaline Riskin, her brother-in-law Mr. Solomon Riskin, and her daughter Bernice Blum, who is also referred to as Bronia Blum in San Francisco. Soloman ran a successful jewelry store, which would have allowed him to support Bertha, had the need arise. Her daughter has been in the US since 1938. In addition to her sister and daugther, Bertha's father Juda Blum lived in the city along with the family of Pauline Pedrin, Bertha's other sister. During the interrogation, she was questioned about her husband, Joseph Blum, who was a Russian refugee from Latvia because he had no official nationality. He was in Shanghai and had been granted a visa some time before but Bertha was unsure if he would come to the US or not. Bertha was admitted to the US following the interrogation. In his summary, the chairman noted that she seemed to be an intelligent person of some education.
 16949/08-1Bogdonas, JosephMRussia19012/21/1918Oranjie5 daysUnknown
 14053/03-06Boguslovsky, SamuelMRussia18861/9/1915Ventura9 daysCook; Has $6.75 and paid own passage; Naturalized Australian citizen going to uncle (E.J. Fincklestein) in NY; Excluded as LPC because of speech impediment (stutter in speech); Produced job reference letter from Commercial Travelers Association Club of Queensland; Decides not to appeal.
 30359/08-02Boxer, JacobMRussia18875/8/1931Shinyo Maru1 daysBarber and Hairdresser; Literate; Has $2,000 and brother (Moses Boxer) paid passage; Accompanied by 4 family members; Came to open business and reside permanently; Passport issued by China; Admitted 05/09/1931. NOTE: inspector knows applicant's brother's barbershop to be high class
 14390/23-10Broosel, BoruhMRussia18686/1/1915Mongolia1 weekTailor; Literate; Came via Kobe; Has $54 and paid own passage; Very rich uncle (Hyman Harvitz) in Chicago; In army 3 yrs.; Left for Harbin to avoid mobilization; Admitted after uncle agrees to assist him; Assisted by Solomon of Russ House.